▲ Up
 
06:39 21-02-2017
MAIN АКИpress CA-News
About us On-line subscription
KazakhstanKyrgyzstanMongoliaTajikistanTurkmenistanUzbekistanWorld
POLITICSBUSINESSINCIDENTSSOCIETYCULTURESPORTANALYSISSCIENCE
Losses from weather-related disasters stand at 1.3% of GDP per annum for Tajikistan
17:18, 16 May 2014, 734

AKIPRESS.COM - Economic losses from weather-related disasters vary from 0.4% to 1.3% of GDP per annum for Tajikistan, World Bank Regional Director for Central Asia Saroj Kumar Jha said.

He calls for climate action in Central Asia.

According to him, Central Asia is already experiencing the impacts of a changing climate, with warmer temperatures; glacier melt; increased variability in water resources; and frequent and costly weather-related hazards. In the recent past, there has been a marked increase in drought conditions over much of Central Asia. This has resulted in serious implications for food security and rural livelihoods. The 2000 drought caused losses to crop and livestock estimated at 4.8 percent and 0.8 percent of GDP in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan alone. More frequent episodes of droughts in Kazakhstan, most recently in 2008, 2010 and 2012, are causing sharp fluctuations in wheat production, which heighten concerns about ensuring food security in the region.

Saroj Kumar Jha notes that river flooding has also become prevalent in the last two decades. Significant damages occurred during the 2005 floods of the Amu Daria and Syr Daria, affecting Tajikistan and southern Kyrgyzstan, as well as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. There are estimates that economic losses from weather-related disasters may reach 1.3% of GDP per annum for also Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Climate change impact is expected to intensify in the coming years. Ageing infrastructure and inefficient water and land management practices are only some of the obstacles that make Central Asia less resilient to climate change. The risks and costs of inaction – demonstrated by the economic and social impacts from climate change absent adaptation – are particularly significant in the sectors of agriculture, energy, and water resources. Taking energy as an example, where year-round, reliable access to electricity is still a concern in the region: climate change will push energy systems to their limits, with impacts on both thermal and hydropower sources, on transmission networks through extreme events, and on demand.

Agriculture stands in the front line too, with severe risk of water scarcity during the growing season that negatively impacts production, food security, and rural livelihoods in a region where population remains 60 percent rural. Although certain areas in Central Asia might experience changes that are beneficial, such as longer growing seasons, winter rainfall, and increased winter temperatures, it is necessary to plan ahead to capture these potential benefits. The Bank’s upcoming Turn Down the Heat III report, to be launched this fall, will look into climate vulnerabilities and development impacts in Central Asia for current, 2C and 4C warming scenarios.

The risks from climate change are well recognized and all countries are taking action. Country level actions include: climate strategies, policies and programs to reduce vulnerability and move towards climate-resilient development. In order to be successful in combating this common enemy, countries also need to collaborate to better address climate-induced impact.


Twitterfacebookprint
LATEST NEWS
20:18 Astana wants Bishkek to clarify Atambayev's comments on 'human casualties during 1.5-month blockade of Kazakhstan' during 2010 turmoil19:02 South Sudan declares famine in Unity State17:54 Pakistan says airstrikes have killed 'dozens' of militants17:37 Interstate Aviation Committee analyzed weather condition at the time of Boeing 747 crash17:24 Russia, Kazakhstan sign joint plan of actions17:00 Preparation for OIC Summit on Science and Technology discussed in Astana16:59 Kim Jong-nam killing: Malaysia recalls envoy from North Korea16:52 U.S. сitizen wanted in Uzbekistan for alleged terrorism detained in Georgia16:50 Kazakhstan wins first medal at 2017 Asian Winter Games in Japan16:38 President Atambayev orders to assist to families of those died in avalanches16:35 Kazakhstan heads Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea16:22 French team takes victory over Kyrgyztanis in horseball tournament in Toktogul16:13 Bank system net profit totales 893.2 million som in 201615:48 Kyrgyz-Turkish Friendship Hospital to be handed over to Ministry of Health — Turkish Ambassador15:32 Kyrgyz Ambassador to Egypt presents credentials15:28 President Berdymuhamedov gifts his book to military15:22 Kyrgyzstan, Czech Republic discuss organization of 1st Kyrgyz-Czech commission for trade and economic cooperation15:21 Kyrgyz-Indian military drills kick off in Osh15:12 Kyrgyzstan, Qatari FMs interested in organization of high level visits15:03 China's oil giant CNPC signs US$1.77b Abu Dhabi deal
© AKIpress News Agency - 2001-2017. All rights reserved
Republication of any material is prohibited without a written agreement with AKIpress News Agency. Any citation must be accompanied by a hyperlink to akipress.com.
Our address:
Moskovskaya str. 189, Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Republic
e-mail: english@akipress.org, akipressenglish@gmail.com;
Tel/Fax: +996(312)90-07-75