▲ Up
 
15:53 11-12-2016
MAIN АКИpress CA-News
About us On-line subscription
KazakhstanKyrgyzstanMongoliaTajikistanTurkmenistanUzbekistanWorld
POLITICSBUSINESSINCIDENTSSOCIETYCULTURESPORTANALYSISSCIENCE
Losses from weather-related disasters stand at 1.3% of GDP per annum for Tajikistan
17:18, 16 May 2014, 618

AKIPRESS.COM - Economic losses from weather-related disasters vary from 0.4% to 1.3% of GDP per annum for Tajikistan, World Bank Regional Director for Central Asia Saroj Kumar Jha said.

He calls for climate action in Central Asia.

According to him, Central Asia is already experiencing the impacts of a changing climate, with warmer temperatures; glacier melt; increased variability in water resources; and frequent and costly weather-related hazards. In the recent past, there has been a marked increase in drought conditions over much of Central Asia. This has resulted in serious implications for food security and rural livelihoods. The 2000 drought caused losses to crop and livestock estimated at 4.8 percent and 0.8 percent of GDP in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan alone. More frequent episodes of droughts in Kazakhstan, most recently in 2008, 2010 and 2012, are causing sharp fluctuations in wheat production, which heighten concerns about ensuring food security in the region.

Saroj Kumar Jha notes that river flooding has also become prevalent in the last two decades. Significant damages occurred during the 2005 floods of the Amu Daria and Syr Daria, affecting Tajikistan and southern Kyrgyzstan, as well as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. There are estimates that economic losses from weather-related disasters may reach 1.3% of GDP per annum for also Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Climate change impact is expected to intensify in the coming years. Ageing infrastructure and inefficient water and land management practices are only some of the obstacles that make Central Asia less resilient to climate change. The risks and costs of inaction – demonstrated by the economic and social impacts from climate change absent adaptation – are particularly significant in the sectors of agriculture, energy, and water resources. Taking energy as an example, where year-round, reliable access to electricity is still a concern in the region: climate change will push energy systems to their limits, with impacts on both thermal and hydropower sources, on transmission networks through extreme events, and on demand.

Agriculture stands in the front line too, with severe risk of water scarcity during the growing season that negatively impacts production, food security, and rural livelihoods in a region where population remains 60 percent rural. Although certain areas in Central Asia might experience changes that are beneficial, such as longer growing seasons, winter rainfall, and increased winter temperatures, it is necessary to plan ahead to capture these potential benefits. The Bank’s upcoming Turn Down the Heat III report, to be launched this fall, will look into climate vulnerabilities and development impacts in Central Asia for current, 2C and 4C warming scenarios.

The risks from climate change are well recognized and all countries are taking action. Country level actions include: climate strategies, policies and programs to reduce vulnerability and move towards climate-resilient development. In order to be successful in combating this common enemy, countries also need to collaborate to better address climate-induced impact.


Twitterfacebookprint
LATEST NEWS
15:10 Voter turnout in referendum as of 1 PM was 13.79%15:00 Atambayev offers condolences to Turkey over bombing, condemns terrorism14:45 Atambayev on disputed territories: "Each centimeter of Kyrgyzstani land is crucial"14:00 Atambayev casts ballot in referendum and local council vote13:30 Atambayev comments on his previous comment on Russian military base in Kyrgyzstan13:00 Atambayev: "Kyrgyzstan would achieve a lot in presidential system during 5 years, but we must not give up on chosen path of parliamentary country"12:22 Atambayev: "So far, we see that SDPK and Respublika parties making to Bishkek city council"12:05 Kyrgyz referendum voter turnout was 3.35% as of 10 AM11:50 "I pray to God we exceed 30% referendum validity threshold," says Atambayev11:01 Twin bombing outside Istanbul soccer stadium kills 29, wounds 16610:30 Kyrgyzstan votes in landmark constitutional referendum17:00 Watch young Nazarbayev being sworn in as president of Kazakhstan for the first time16:47 85 journalists accredited to cover constitutional referendum and local council elections in Kyrgyzstan16:35 Tajik FM meets with Austrian, U.S., Afghanistan colleagues15:26 Kyrgyzstan, Finland discuss cooperation14:11 Centerra Gold says it suspends dividends, extends Öksüt project financing facility13:05 Kyrgyzstan not against NGOs' participation in OSCE ODIHR events but criminals12:49 Tajik FM accuses OSCE of double standards12:32 Islam Karimov memorial to appear in Moscow11:25 French court denies Kazakh tycoon Ablyazov's extradition to Russia
Astana
-3° C
Ashgabat
+12° C
Bishkek
+1° C
Dushanbe
+2° C
Tashkent
+7° C
Ulaanbaatar
-16° C
exchange rates
 
73.52
69.24
10.03
1.09
355.17
334.31
48.44
5.31
6.85
6.26
1.01
0.12
3286.53
2888.39
446.81
42.81
3.70
3.50
0.51
0.06

© AKIpress News Agency - 2001-2016. All rights reserved
Republication of any material is prohibited without a written agreement with AKIpress News Agency. Any citation must be accompanied by a hyperlink to akipress.com.
Our address:
Moskovskaya str. 189, Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Republic
e-mail: english@akipress.org, akipressenglish@gmail.com;
Tel/Fax: +996(312)90-07-75