▲ Up
 
00:41 23-07-2017
АКИpress CA-News Tazabek Turmush
ADVERTISE WITH US SUBSCRIBE
KazakhstanKyrgyzstanMongoliaTajikistanTurkmenistanUzbekistanWorld
POLITICSBUSINESSINCIDENTSSOCIETYCULTURESPORTANALYSISSCIENCE
More than half of world's population now living in urban areas, UN survey finds
15:54, 11 July 2014, 2717

AKIPRESS.COM - 796ff500df33494cf70eca8eadaed8c3 An additional 2.5 billion people are predicted to live in urban areas by 2050, the United Nations reported, highlighting the need for a successful urban planning agenda and greater attention to be given to smaller cities where nearly half of all people currently reside.

“Today, 54 per cent of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 66 per cent by 2050,” the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs said in its 2014 revision of the World Urbanization Prospects report.

Projections indicate that urbanization combined with overall growth will contribute to the 2.5 billion jump, with 37 per cent of the projected growth in India, which currently has the largest rural population, China and Nigeria, in that order.

New Delhi, currently the world’s second most populous city with 25 million inhabitants, is expected to retain that spot through at least 2030, when its population is projected to reach 36 million.

The world’s largest city is Tokyo with 38 million inhabitants, and while its population is expected to decline to 37 million by 2030, it will remain at the top. Shanghai with 23 million inhabitants, and Mexico City, Mumbai and Sao Paolo, each with 21 million inhabitants, followed by Osaka with just over 20 million people, round up the top five spots.

The future demography is expected to change, with these so-called ‘mega-cities’ falling in rank as relatively smaller urban cities, particularly in developing countries, gain in population.

The most urbanized regions rights now include Northern America, where 82 per cent of the population lives in urban areas, followed by Latin America and the Caribbean with 80 per cent, and 73 per cent in Europe.

By contrast, Africa and Asia remain mostly rural, housing nearly 90 per cent of the world’s rural population. Their urban areas are on the rise, however, and while at least 40 per cent of the population in African and 48 per cent in Asia live in urban areas, they are projected to be home to 56 and 64 per cent urban, respectively, by 2050.

“These countries will face numerous challenges in meeting the needs of their growing urban populations,” the report authors said, including for housing, infrastructure, transportation, energy and employment, as well as for basic services such as education and health care.

“Managing urban areas has become one of the most important development challenges of the 21st century,” said John Wilmoth, Director of the Population Division, who spoke to the press at headquarters today, along with François Pelletier, Chief of the Population Estimates and Projections Section. “Our success or failure in building sustainable cities will be a major factor in the success of the post-2015 UN development agenda.”

The new addenda, which the international community is currently crafting, is intended to build on the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which set specific targets on poverty alleviation, education, gender equality, child and maternal health, environmental stability, HIV/AIDS reduction, and a global partnership for development – all by a deadline of 2015.

In this latest report, the authors noted that “well managed, cities offer important opportunities for economic development and for expanding access to basic services, including health care and education, for large numbers of people.”

Authors added that provision of public goods, such as public transportation, housing, electricity, water and sanitation for a densely settled urban population is typically cheaper and less environmentally damaging than providing a similar level of services to a dispersed rural population.


Full access to all news articles in English

1 month2000 somsubscribe
year20000 somsubscribe
These subscription fees are for private individuals only. Please contact us via phone +996 (312) 900-776 or email info@akipress.org for corporate subscription inquiries
Twitterfacebookprint
LATEST NEWS
18:08 'Turkey hasn't open its doors to those who shot at their own people after 2010 events in Kyrgyzstan' – adviser to president of Turkey17:02 Przhevalsky Museum to be rehabilitated in Karakol16:50 PM Jeenbekov orders to finish construction of schools by new academic year16:05 662 mln som allocated for rehabilitation of Balykchy — Korumdu road out of planned 912 mln — Ministry of Transport15:29 Atambayev, ex–chairman of El Kurultai of Altai Republic discuss cooperation15:12 Palestinian President to freeze contact with Israel ‘on all levels’14:03 813.2 million som allocated for motorway repairs in H113:15 Kyrgyz Embassy asks migrants in Russia to deliver biometric data12:12 Tender for construction of burnt building of General Prosecutor's Office of Kyrgyzstan announced again11:36 Three Israelis stabbed to death in West Bank attack11:05 Cargo transportation between Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan 14% up10:14 Tourists from Chelyabinsk use 6-10 day tours to Issyk-Kul - Delegation of Chelyabinsk09:36 Tajikistan to promote clothing to counter ‘alien’ traditions09:17 India musician plays guitar during brain surgery09:05 Mortality rate among children under 5 years old down two-thirds: First Lady17:55 PM Jeenbekov orders to accelerate rehabilitation of resort for teachers17:21 Minister of Transport of Kyrgyzstan calls on employees to work on weekends16:30 'Dunkirk': How historically accurate is Christopher Nolan's WWII battle film?16:30 Probe launched against 19yo boy who went to Issyk-Kul with 14yo girl16:10 Atambayev congratulates newly elected president of India
© AKIpress News Agency - 2001-2017. All rights reserved
Republication of any material is prohibited without a written agreement with AKIpress News Agency. Any citation must be accompanied by a hyperlink to akipress.com.
Our address:
Moskovskaya str. 189, Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Republic
e-mail: english@akipress.org, akipressenglish@gmail.com;
Tel/Fax: +996(312)90-07-75