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AKIPRESS.COM - The law on state policy of science and technology adopted in March 2014 stipulates the goals and principles of formation and realization of the policy of science and technology in the country, regulates relations between subjects of research activity, institutions of state authority and management and consumers of research products, according to Govher Geldiyeva from the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan.
“As for main notions used in the law, it should be noted that together with traditional scientific notions such as fundamental and applied researches, for the first time such notion as an innovative activity was used and it should become one of the priorities of Turkmen science.”
“The law lays a legal basis for creation of an efficient socio-economic mechanism for maximum use of research results in solution of tasks of food abundance of markets, organization of high technology wasteless industry, production of articles of consumers and enlargement of spheres of services for population, enhancement of quality of health care services, as well as betterment of ecological situation and rational use of resources. The ensuring of economic, social security for the research, research and teaching, invention and rationalization activity, social support to research workers make up the main goals of the law.”
With a view of development of innovative economy, Turkmenistan promotes development of state and private partnership, ensures equal legal and economic opportunities for efficient function and development of diverse forms of ownership in research areas. Research workers, engineers, inventors, and other specialists can carry out private business by way of creation of their own enterprises and organizations.
The basic principle of the state policy of science is to ensure a link between research and innovative activity in the spheres of education, revealing gifted children and talented young people and state support in development of their research and technological skills.
The state policy of science and technology is based upon the principles of ensuring freedom for research and technological activity, protection of intellectual property, improvement of the reputation of research work and technological development.
In compliance with the law, Turkmenistan ensures creation of state data banks and systems in the spheres of science and technology, conducts collection of data, registration, analytical processing, preservation and delivery of research and technological data to consumers, facilitates publication of research works, as well as obtaining of research journals, books, and other printed matters of research issued outside Turkmenistan.
The main articles of the law also ensure the state support for international cooperation in science and technology, create necessary legal conditions and facilitate realization of research work of organizations and researchers of Turkmenistan on an equal and independent basis with research organizations of foreign countries and international research societies.